As of March 2013, Argentina can lay claim to one of the most important religious leaders in the world – Jorge Mario Bergoglio who was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1936 was chosen to be the new leader of the Roman Catholic Church and chose to be called Pope Francis.
Other famous Argentinians include those who have achieved success in the sporting field such as David Nalbandián, a tennis player and Lionel Messi and Carlos Tévez – well know and talented footballers – Messi is widely acknowledged as being one of the greatest footballers of all time.
Argentina which is a federal republic is located in South America between Chile and Uruguay.
In 2007, the first female President of Argentina was elected – Cristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner, she was re-elected for a second term in 2011. Given that no President is allowed more than two consecutive terms in a row, she was unable to run for a third term of office in the elections in October 2015. At the October 2015 Presidential elections there was no clear winner, therefore a second round of voting took place in November 2015. This was a very close result which forced a run off and the subsequent election of Mauricio Macri as President.
The country was declared independent from Spain in July 1816 during the Spanish American Wars of Independence and every year the country celebrates this independence on 9th July.
At a Glance Facts
- Language – Spanish
- Population – 43,886,748 (2016)
- International Dialling Code – 54
- Time – Argentina is 3 hours behind the UK