Wonderful beaches, football and the iconic statue of Christ overlooking Rio de Janeiro are perhaps things which people associate with Brazil, the largest country in South America and the Latin America region.
Up until 1815, Brazil was a colony of Portugal, in that year it became a kingdom when the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was formed – later in 1808 the capital of the Portuguese Colonial Empire moved from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro and in 1822 the Empire of Brazil was formed.
Brazil became a Presidential Republic in 1889 and its current constitution defines Brazil as a Federal Republic, formed by the union of the Federal District , the 26 States and the 5,000 + Municipalities. The current President Jair Bolsonaro was elected in 2018.
Brazil is famous for its diverse ecosystems – the Amazon rainforest has the greatest biological diversity in the world – tourism to this area and the country as a whole continues to grow.
As for sport, Brazil was lucky enough to secure the 2014 FIFA Football World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.
Although Brazil’s economy is growing and there is a great deal of wealth in the country, some Brazilians continue to live in poverty – shanty towns or favelas have slum like accommodation where basic facilities are lacking – the announcement of the 2 aforementioned major sporting events has prompted the authorities to improve or even re-locate some favelas. Some Brazilians are sceptical that the plans for the favelas will only exist until 2016 – that is until the Olympic Games are over.
At a Glance Facts
- Language – Portuguese
- Population -210,867,954 (2018)
- International Dialling Code – 55
- Time difference – Brazil is 3 hours behind the UK