Canada is situated in North America and is the world’s second largest country by total area. It is a federal state with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The Queen is represented by the Federal Governor who is currently David Johnston. The Head of Government is the Prime Minister. In the October 2015 elections the Liberal Party won, ending over a decade of Conservative rule. The Prime Minister is Justin Trudeau who is the son of the late Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.
Canada is a highly developed country with a high level of income per head and has excellent trade links with the rest of the world, including the USA, with which it shares a common border. Canada is culturally diverse, and has two languages Canadian English and Canadian French, over 98% of Canadians speak one or the other.
Canadians love their sport and there are official winter and summer sports – ice hockey in the winter and lacrosse in the summer. The Canadian team does extremely well in ice hockey tournaments. Given that there is some extremely cold winter weather, Canadian teams have done very well at Winter Olympics – the country hosted the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. Tourism is a major industry in Canada all year round and the revenue from this contributes greatly to the country’s economy (1% of Canada’s GDP comes from tourism).
There are many popular tourist destinations such as the CN Tower in Toronto, Niagara Falls in Ontario and the Olympic Stadium in Montreal plus many, many more.
At a glance facts
- Population -36,953,765 (2018)
- Languages – English and French
- International Dialling Code – 1
- Time – Canada is 5 hours behind the UK