Indonesia is officially known as the Republic of Indonesia and it is a sovereign state located in Southeast Asia. Indonesia is an Archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, comprising of approximately 13.000 islands though not all are inhabited. The main islands Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Kalimantan and Irian Java account for 90 per cent of the land area.
The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th Century. The Japanese occupied the islands from 1942 – 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after the Japanese surrender.
The President of Indonesia is both Head of State and Head of Government and Joko Widodo was re-elected for a second time in 2019 . Presidents can be elected for a maximum of two 5 year terms.
Indonesia is a nation of islands, in fact the country’s island identity is part of its name. The name Indonesia is composed of two Greek words “Indos” which means Indian and “nesos” which means islands.
Did you know that Indonesia, situated along the volcanic rim known as the “Pacific Ring of Fire”, is the most volcanic country on earth with 128 volcanoes.
Beautiful white sandy beaches and active volcanoes of Bali, the vibrant capital city of Jakarta to the untouched lands of Sumatra, Indonesia has something unique to offer all kinds of visitors.
At a Glance Facts
- Population 266,794,980 (2018)
- Language Basha Indonesian (official) English, Dutch and other dialects.
- International direct dialling code 62
- Time difference 7 hours ahead of the UK