Peru

Lima City

“Please look after this bear, thank you” – Paddington Bear (made famous in the stories by Michael Bond) arrives as a stowaway from “Deepest Darkest Peru” He is discovered by the Brown family and because no one can understand his Peruvian name he is renamed Paddington after the station where he is discovered …. deepest darkest Peru is home to the Spectacled Bear – a real species!

Peru is in South America and has borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile.  The country was home to one of the oldest civilisations in the world – the Incas who came from the highlands of Peru in the early 13th Century.  Most people have heard of Machu Picchu – Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas”

Peru has a multi ethnic population which includes Europeans, Asians, Africans and Amerindians, most people speak Spanish although many speak the native South American language Quechua.  This broad spectrum of cultures means that there are many different styles within the country for example in music and cuisine.

Peru is a Presidential Representative Democratic Republic whereby the President is the Head of State and Government and is elected for 5 years – the current President who was elected in 2018 is Martín Vizcarra .

Fishing and mining are the main industries in Peru followed by tourism which is the most rapidly growing industry in the country.  Tourism takes many different forms such as adventure holidays which offer adrenalin sports like rafting, trekking and mountaineering and also ecotourism in the Amazon basin – the Peruvian Amazon is one of the most untouched rainforests on earth – an ecologically brilliant region for tourists to visit.

Aside from Paddington Bear, there are several other famous people from Peru! Nolberto Solano a footballer who has played in the English Premier League, photographer Mario Testino – he once photographed Princess Diana, and Mario Vargas Llosa – winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2010.  Javier Perez de Cuellar was head of the United Nations for 10 years and was involved in peace talks between the UK and Argentina at the time of the Falkland Islands conflict.

At a Glance Facts

  • Population – 32,551,815 (2018)
  • Language – Spanish, Quechua
  • Time – Peru is 5 hours behind the UK
  • International Dialling Code – 51

 


Ave. Summer Temperature:
28°C
Ave. Winter Temperature:
15°C
Currency
Peruvian nuevo sol
Location / Status:
South America

View all Universities in Peru